He served on the House Appropriations and Calendars committees during his three two-year terms in office.He befriended fellow freshman state representative Lena Guerrero, a staunch liberal Democrat who endorsed Perry's reelection bid in 2006.A Republican, he was elected Lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1998 and assumed the governorship in December 2000 when Governor George W. Perry was the longest-serving Governor in Texas history.Perry was elected three times to full gubernatorial terms and is the fourth Texas Governor (after Allan Shivers, Price Daniel and John Connally) to serve three terms.Perry was part of the "Pit Bulls", a group of Appropriations members who sat on the lower dais in the committee room (or "pit") who pushed for austere state budgets during the 1980s.Since Perry fell shy of the necessary 50% to win outright, a runoff was held between Perry and Mc Iver set on April 10, 1990.On December 14, 2016, President-elect Donald Trump announced his intention to nominate Perry as his Secretary of Energy.On March 2, 2017, he was confirmed by the United States Senate in a 62–37 vote.
During 1990, Hightower's office was embroiled in an FBI investigation into corruption and bribery.With a tenure in office of 14 years, 30 days, Perry was, at the time he left office, the second longest-serving current governor (after Terry Branstad of Iowa).Perry ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for president in 20.In 1994, Perry was reelected Agriculture Commissioner by a large margin, getting 2,546,287 votes (62 percent) to Democrat Marvin Gregory's 1,479,692 (36 percent). Garland received the remaining 85,836 votes (2 percent).Gregory, a chicken farmer from Sulphur Springs, Texas, was on the Texas Agricultural Finance Authority with Perry in the early nineties as a Republican, but became a Democrat before running against Perry in 1994.His father, a Democrat, was a long-time Haskell County commissioner and school board member. Perry graduated from Paint Creek High School in 1968.Perry has said that his interest in politics probably began in November 1961, when his father took him to the funeral of U. Perry attended Texas A&M University where he was a member of the Corps of Cadets and the Alpha Gamma Rho fraternity.I would have hit the fraternity scene and lasted about one semester." In the early 1970s, Perry interned during several summers with the Southwestern Company, as a door-to-door book salesman."I count my time working for Dortch Oldham [president of the Southwestern Company] as one of the most important formative experiences of my life", Perry said in 2010."There is nothing that tests your commitment to a goal like getting a few doors closed in your face." He said that "Mr.Oldham taught legions of young people to communicate quickly, clearly and with passion, a lesson that has served me well in my life since then." Upon graduation from college in 1972, Perry was commissioned as an officer in the United States Air Force and completed pilot training in February 1974.